Autumn is the season when children return to school. As the children return to the classroom, many germs stay in one place. If a child shows a cough or a runny nose in the classroom, half the children are in enough condition to catch a cold. In addition, children who are vulnerable to germs can sit next to their sick friends, touch textbooks with germs, and return home to spread the germs into their homes.
It is common for children to go to school and get involved in three or four diseases. And diseases usually appear in fall and winter, among which there are some diseases that appear at the most frequent intervals. The following are common diseases that children can take at school.
Septicemia Pharyngitis is caused by bacteria called Streptococcus, which can cause not only severe pain but also high fever, headache, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and tonsillitis. The bacteria spread when contaminated saliva is directly contacted or indirectly exposed to particles in the air. This bacterium, which causes health problems, can be transmitted easily through runny nose, sneezing, and shaking hands because it mainly travels to the nose and throat. It may recover after a few days, but the antibiotic prescription is needed because of the serious complication risks.
Head lice can occur commonly to students as well as to students. However, this parasite, which is difficult to cope with, spreads when you touch your head with other children with teeth in the head. You can also crawl on mats and pillows for sleeping. The symptoms of head lice are itching of the scalp and eyes. It is a drug that can be bought at a pharmacy to prevent the parasites from breeding in children's heads, but if the symptoms persist, seek the help of a pediatrician to get the appropriate remedy. Keeping children's heads short can minimize risk, and teach your children not to touch their friends' heads and avoid combing.
Influenza infections usually begin every November and peak in February. When one or two children become infected with influenza, they spread rapidly and become hospitalized. The best way to avoid influenza virus is to get vaccinated. The effectiveness of the vaccine varies from year to year, but according to one study, up to 83% prevention is possible. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that healthy children aged 6 months or older be immunized.
A cold can take twelve months a year, and more than 20 viruses cause a cold. The infection or general cold starts with the nasal mucus which is the first allergy symptom. However, after 3 to 4 days, severe symptoms such as constipation, headache, cough, sore throat, and fatigue appear. Children do not necessarily take antibiotics because they can catch a cold one or more times a year. The only way to alleviate the virus effect is to drink plenty of water and get enough rest.
Measles is a highly contagious disease and is caused by measles virus. The virus spreads through coughing and sneezing. Symptoms such as high fever, runny nose, sore throat, congested eye, and cough first occur and then rash spreads throughout the body. Once you are infected with measles, you will have a lifelong immunity and you will not be infected again. On the other hand, there is no specific treatment to treat measles, and MMR vaccine is the only way to prevent it. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about 2.6 million people who do not receive the vaccine die each year from measles.
Pediatricians and nutritionists say it is important to take vitamins and minerals for the children's overall development. It is impossible to avoid germs. Parents, however, can give a lot of attention to prevent children from spreading the germs. Washing your hands first is the most important and easy way to prevent bacterial spread. Your child should be taught to wash their hands regularly and in an appropriate manner. You should have plenty of hand sanitizer and tissue, and be able to eat healthy snacks that are rich in vitamins so that your child's immune system can fight bacteria and viruses.