The kidneys are bean-shaped organs from the body, which acts to filter and remove the naphtha from the blood in the body. Wastes composed of toxic byproducts found in food, drugs, dietary supplements and other substances escape from the body in the form of urine.
The problem of preventing the kidney from functioning properly can lead to a more serious condition known as chronic kidney disease. Let's look at chronic kidney disease that may be a symptom of kidney failure.
What is chronic kidney disease?
Chronic renal disease refers to a condition in which the kidney gradually becomes impaired. This may take months or years and often kidney function is permanently lost.
Chronic renal disease can be divided into five stages depending on severity. These stages include kidney damage, mild dysfunction, severe renal insufficiency, and kidney failure. A minor stage of kidney disease is known as renal insufficiency and chronic disease is known as renal failure.
When a person has chronic kidney disease, toxic waste accumulates in the body and can cause various health problems.
Symptoms of chronic kidney disease
People with chronic kidney disease show decreased physical strength, fatigue, energy loss, loss of concentration, loss of appetite, sleep disorders, limb swelling, facial swelling, dry skin, and frequent urination symptoms.
Health problems such as anemia, hypertension, high cholesterol, acidosis, bone disease, and renal failure may also occur.
Causes of chronic kidney disease?
Chronic kidney disease is usually caused by underlying health problems such as diabetes and hypertension. These health conditions not only interfere with the body's metabolic processes, but also cause damage to organs such as the heart, blood vessels and kidneys.
There are other conditions that can cause chronic kidney disease. These include glomerulonephritis and renal glomerular injury, polycystic kidney disease, genetic malformations of the kidney, autoimmune diseases, kidney stones, kidney tumors, and urinary tract infections.
Kidney disease is associated with family history and it is known that family members of African American, Hispanic American, Asian, and American Indian tend to develop chronic kidney disease.
Complications of chronic kidney disease?
Untreated renal failure can lead to many health problems and complications, including pulmonary edema, limb swelling, cardiovascular disease, hyperkalemia, infection, infertility, seizures, and pregnancy complications.
To diagnose chronic kidney disease, your doctor will perform several tests including urinalysis, blood tests, and imaging tests
* Urine test. The urine test confirms the presence or absence of protein substances, which are indicators of kidney damage. The doctor also measures the amount of creatinine and urea in the urine to see the functional level of the kidney.
Blood tests. Blood tests are done to detect the presence of creatinine and urea in the blood. In normal functioning kidneys, these substances are found at low concentrations in the blood. However, kidney damage causes more of these substances in the blood.
* Image inspection. Ultrasonography is performed to determine the presence or absence of kidney stones and urinary tract obstruction, which can damage the kidneys.
How to treat chronic kidney disease?
Chronic renal disease is often treated through dialysis and kidney transplantation because there is currently no cure. Dialysis is a treatment that helps the kidneys perform functions that can no longer be performed. Dialysis therapy is a kidney therapy that should be lifelong except for kidney transplant surgery.
On the other hand, kidney transplantation is an operation performed in cases where chronic kidney disease is serious or terminal. This is accomplished by replacing old kidneys with new functioning kidneys to restore normal kidney function in humans.