When the baby is first born, various health screenings are conducted to check the health condition. According to Emma Diary, a child care information site in the UK, the obstetrician will evaluate the APGAR score within a few minutes of birth. The Afgha score is a method of evaluating the neonatal condition immediately after birth as a score for each item such as skin color, heart rate, muscle tone, and respiration.
An overall health checkup of infants and young children is conducted 72 hours after birth or before discharge. It is the first health check-up since the birth of the baby and is therefore provided free of charge as part of a national health screening program, such as the UK's newborn and infant physical examinations.
Because it is the first health checkup that occurs as soon as a newborn child is born, additional health checkups or potential health problems should be identified and treated.
In a physical examination, a cataract test, a hearing test, a heartbeat test, and a blood test are performed.