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Baby skin is much more sensitive than adult. It can cause melanoma (the most lethal form of skin cancer) because it can cause serious burns with sunlight alone.
Of course, the parent's first job is to avoid going out for a long time so that the child is not exposed to too much UV radiation. However, children want to play outdoors, so in this case you should apply sunscreen to your child's face and body.
There are many types of sunscreen in the market. These blockers often have different forms and functions. Some examples are cream, spray, stick formulations, waterproof and not.
You should consider whether these many types of sunscreen agents are safe for your child's skin.
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What is ultraviolet light?
First, it is important to know everything about ultraviolet as well as the difference between UVA and UVB. Ultraviolet A (UVA) makes the skin yellowish and ultraviolet B (UVB) causes sunburn.
Both ultraviolet rays damage skin equally. "Both sunburn and sunburn are signals that skin cells have been damaged by radiation," said Kavita Mariwala, a dermatologist in New York.
Sun Protection Factor (SPF), on the other hand, has a sunscreen effect. To determine the shelf life of the sunscreen, Dr. Sanity Richman, director of the Melanoma and Skin Oncology Research Program at the University of Michigan, says, "If your child does not wear sunscreen outdoors, the skin will be red in 10 minutes.
However, if you apply an SPF 15 sunscreen, you can prevent skin damage from ultraviolet rays for about 150 minutes and about 2 hours and 30 minutes, which is 10 times 15 times. " The American Society of Pediatric Oncology (AAP) recommends the use of sunscreens that are SPF 15 or greater, which can block 93% of UVB rays.
The higher the SPF, the better the UV protection effect. The maximum SPF index is 50+, which can block 98% of UVB rays.
What sunscreen can your child use?
Dr. Doris Day, a dermatologist in New York, said the child's body surface area-to-volume ratio is low, so it is likely that any product will pass through and affect the skin.
Also, he advised that physical protection such as protective caps and clothing must be worn because exposure to too long a sun is not recommended until six months.
If a child is over six months old, it is safe to use a sunscreen containing zinc or titanium. According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, zinc and titanium have proven to be safe for children.
Meanwhile, the American Academy of Pediatrics has announced that it is advisable for parents to apply at least SPF 15 or more baby sunscreen on their face, back and feet every 2 hours.
However, before applying the sunscreen to the child in earnest, it is recommended to test the child's skin with a small amount of sunscreen and check whether there is any abnormality. If it is stimulated, it is necessary to receive advice from a pediatrician.
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In particular, there is a sunscreen suitable for children. Here are some tips for choosing a sunscreen for your child.
First, it is important to read the label carefully. Especially for children, it is good to choose a product containing zinc and titanium, which is a low-irritant ingredient that has a waterproof sunblock and does not harm the sensitive skin of a child.
Make sure that the label says 'Broad-spectrum'. This indicates that the sunscreen is protected from UVA as well as UVA rays.
It is important to choose sunscreen agents with an SPF index of 15 or higher. Also avoid sunscreens containing insect repellent. Apply sunscreen on cloudy days or cooler days.
"On days when temperatures are cooler, children can be exposed to ultraviolet rays because they stay longer in the open air," said Dr. Mariwala.
It is very important to block ultraviolet light whether you are outdoors under the sun or not. If the child is in the sun, immediately bring the child to the room and then give the pamper immediately.