The term dementia is a word derived from Latin meaning that the mind is gone. When the intellectual ability is lacking from birth, it is called mental retardation, whereas the person who has been living normal dementia is damaged by various reasons. As a result, the cognitive function has been consistently lowered compared to the past, resulting in a significant deterioration in daily life.
Dementia is the term used to describe the various symptoms of cognitive decline. The most common effect of this disorder is amnesia. Dementia is a generic term for technically diverse brain disorders. This affects memory and communication, and is the result of aging.
Stage of dementia
In the early stage of dementia, basic daily life is possible. There are prominent symptoms in the workplace. I can not make mistakes or manage my money while driving. It is difficult to carry out daily life alone in the middle of dementia. You should take your medicine beforehand or prepare toothpaste and toothbrush in advance. Unlike early dementia, communication starts to become an obstacle.
At the end of dementia, almost all activities can not be performed alone and all activities should be relied upon. Even washing clothes, lying down, and bowing can not do it themselves. Even the phenomenon of swallowing disorders that can not even put food into mouth and swallow appears.
Causes of dementia
Alzheimer 's disease is a term that refers to diseases in which brain nerve cells die with the passage of time. In the cerebral cortex of patients with Alzheimer's disease, atrophy progresses from the surface of the brain to the inside. The brain disease that causes a lot of dementia next to Alzheimer's disease is cerebrovascular disorder. Cerebral vascular disorders include cerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarction. Cerebral hemorrhage is classified into intracerebral hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage according to the site of bleeding. Intracerebral hemorrhage occurs when the blood vessels in the brain are weakened or damaged by aging, hypertension, or arteriosclerosis.
Prevention of dementia
In the case of Alzheimer's disease, there is no prevention. Vascular dementia caused by cerebrovascular disorders can be prevented by constant efforts. Above all, smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and heart disease are the main causes of cerebrovascular disorder, so you should control them normally.
Good food for dementia
To prevent dementia, you should eat a lot of leafy vegetables, cruciferous plants, legumes and fruits. Eating such foods improves cognition and reduces the risk of dementia.