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Dogs are well known for their sharp sense of smell, but at the same time they use and rely on all senses in their interaction with the environment. I have a natural curiosity about everything, and this can cause accidents. One of them is eye injuries, and eye injuries can lead to eye problems as well as wounds.

Puppy eye injury

Eye injuries are a common disease in dogs, and their severity is different. Penetrating lesions or ulcerative lesions may result in permanent scarring or blindness, which may include foreign objects, scratches, puncture lesions, chemical contact, or contact with the corneal trauma. If your dog instinctively closes his or her eyes for eye protection, or if the eyelids are not working properly, this can be a clear signal of a serious emergency. More attention needs to be paid to eye injuries because of the varying symptoms depending on the degree of eye injury. Also, if there are any visible wounds or foreign objects, you should take them to a veterinarian for treatment. It is wise for the caregiver not to contact the puppy's eyes directly, but to take it to the hospital for proper examination and treatment.

Common signs and symptoms

In fact, a variety of eye diseases can affect the dog. For example, if a dog is thinning or twisting his eyes or flashing rapidly and over-crying, it is a sign that he has had an eye disease. Some injuries can even affect your ability to open and close your eyes. In addition, if blood is injected into the whiteness of the eye, it is likely to be a rash. If yellow or green light appears, it can be considered as an infection symptom.

Other types include flare or eye irritation of the mucous membranes surrounding the eye, pupil dilation, asymmetric eye shape, and sensitivity to light. All of these symptoms can appear in one or both eyes. Also, dogs with injured eyes may close their eyes more often than usual, or they may have a lot of tears from their eyes. And you can feel the pain or discomfort by frowning your face or eyes.

Clinical diagnosis

To help the veterinarian make a proper diagnosis, it is good for the caregiver to provide all the signs and information that appear on the dog, including when the symptoms began. Diagnosis is very important in determining the cause and severity of injury, so that it can be easily diagnosed if foreign substances are visible or scratched. However, if you do not have visual symptoms immediately, you can perform tests such as assessing pupil responses to vision tests or visual stimuli, evaluating pupil size, shape, symmetry, and reflection to light. These tests are also helpful in determining whether a bruising injury, inflammation, or bruising after trauma is present.

Treatment plan

It is good to take the eye injuries immediately to the hospital and treat them. At home, caregivers should not be treated at will. If you need first aid, it is essential to use a sterilized saline solution instead of direct contact when washing your puppy's eyes.

Depending on the diagnosis, ophthalmologic treatment and follow-up examination may be recommended. However, serious conditions may require surgery. In severe cases, surgical removal may be performed, but this should be done with the veterinarian. It is good to keep in mind that some injuries can cause permanent blindness.

If simple wounds are prescribed, antibiotics or atropine eye drops should be placed on a trumpet-shaped neck protector Elizabeth collar to avoid scratching the injured area. Antibiotics are prescribed for the treatment of bacterial infections, and eyedrops can widen pupil eyes and relieve pain. Occasionally, soft lenses may be prescribed to protect the wound.

However, surgery may be needed if it is more severe and complex. An operation that restores and restores the eye function of the dog. Antibiotics are similarly prescribed for infection prevention, and anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs that reduce edema and promote healing can be prescribed one after another. The exact size and dosage depends on the severity of the dog.

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