Cats Diabetes is the most common hormonal disorder. One in five cats have diabetes, and the number is growing. Cats with low activity and overweight are particularly prone to diabetes.
What is genital diabetes?
Cat diabetes mellitus is an endocrine disorder caused by decreased hormone insulin secreted from the pancreas. Hormones produced by all fountains in the endocrine system regulate metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sexual function, reproduction and sleep.
Insulin is needed to use the food the cat body has consumed. Usually, the digestive system breaks down the food you eat into several elements, one of which is sugar. Cats need glucose again after ingesting and removing glucose. Glucose enters the bloodstream from the digestive system and travels throughout the body, including organs, heart, and muscle.
If glucose is present or does not exist in small amounts, the cat body becomes starvated and muscle and fat begin to break down in an abnormal manner. And cats consume large amounts of food but lose weight. In the body, food broken down by glucose, called glucose, starts accumulating in the bloodstream and leads to hyperglycemia. As the blood glucose level increases, it causes excessive urination and thirst. Like humans, cats are also vulnerable to diabetes if they are old or obese.
Factors causing cat diabetes
If your cat lacks insulin and blood sugar levels increase, you will have diabetes. In other words, blood glucose levels are very important.
Conditions such as pancreatitis or genetic factors have a negative impact on the pancreas and lower insulin levels lead to type 1 diabetes. However, type 2 diabetes is more common in cats. Even if the cat produces enough insulin, the cat's body will not respond to the hormone. As a result, the blood sugar level increases.
Like humans, obese cats are also at increased risk for insulin resistance and diabetes. Cats who are prescribed long-term steroids have a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes because steroids affect insulin function.
Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease that has no cure. That means that cats with type 1 diabetes need lifelong treatment. On the other hand, type 2 diabetes due to weight loss can be recovered. When the body returns to a healthy state, it begins to recover. That means you can start to react to insulin again and stop treatment.
Cats Signs of Diabetes
One of the obvious signs of a diabetic cats is that they drink more water than usual and have frequent urination. It is not easy to measure the urine output of cats. Especially when the cat likes the toilet. Instead, I can confirm that the water bowl is often emptied, I am more hungry than usual and eat a lot, but if I give weight, I can suspect diabetes.
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a severe diabetic complication. Symptoms can get worse when cats start using fat that they stockpile for energy. It will become depressed, refuse food, and begin to vomit. You may smell like acetone in your breathing, which is an urgent situation and needs immediate treatment.
Unlike dogs, cats do not get diabetic cataracts. But he is sick or helpless and lie more than usual. Another symptom is that it runs strangely or folds the hind legs unlike usual. It can be debilitating because it affects the hindlimb nerve. If you see this symptom or behavior in a cat, you should find a vet.
Failure to treat diabetes can have a significant impact on health, causing damage to organs such as the liver and causing neurological disorders affecting the peripheral nerves. If you have a dangerous condition called ketoacidosis, you lose appetite and have vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, dehydration, and respiratory illness. When a cat reaches this state, intensive treatment is needed.
Treatment of Cat Diabetes
Cat diabetes treatment consists of a special diet and once or twice a day, subcutaneously injected insulin injections. The type of insulin used depends on the response of the cat. Therefore, you should cooperate with your veterinarian to help you choose the right insulin for your cat. Oral therapeutic agents can also be used, but they are generally ineffective.