Sea animals are dying from human disease. Therefore, efforts are urgently needed.
Over the past several decades, marine ecosystems have lost their natural habitat due to excessive fishing, hunting, and pollution. Even noise from human activities has a negative impact. According to the Humane Society of Animal Welfare Society, approximately 94% of the population decline occurred in the ocean and 300,000 marine mammals are killed or injured annually by commercial fisheries. It is up to the person to bring the sea to a safe place.
Threats to marine ecosystems
Serious problems arise in the diversity of ecosystems. The ever-increasing trend of pollutants has polluted the oceans around the world. In fact, research suggests that 80% of marine pollution is caused by land and most of it comes from products related to human activity. Unfortunately, there have been efforts to protect the oceans and the creatures that live there, but there is still a long way to go to mitigate the effects of marine pollution.
According to an article by Marine Insight, we must be aware of the pollutants that threaten the ecosystem to prevent marine pollution. There are many main materials that pollute the ocean. For example, waste from the sea has polluted the ocean enormously and humans have made landfills in the ocean, pouring trash, industrial wastes, and sewage from boats, and mining companies have abandoned 220 million tonnes of harmful materials every year . About two-thirds of marine organisms are contaminated by chemicals used daily by humans, including household detergents.
In addition, substances from land for agriculture and soils such as phosphorus, nitrosene, carbon, and minerals are also the main causes of marine pollution. This threatens turtles, fish and shrimp. The dredging of soils and debris from the water is also a serious problem. Unfortunately, these activities can change the composition of the soil that is already piled up and destroy the habitat of life.
Another risk posed by marine ecosystems is sea level rise due to global warming. According to the report, sea water has risen by 0.13 inches / year for the past 20 years and more than doubled from the previous 80 years. Above all, plastic pollution is the main culprit that plays the biggest role in destroying the ecosystem. Reporters report that about 8 million tons of plastic waste flows into the water each year. By 2050, humans expect to see more plastics in the sea than marine organisms around the world.
The sea is dying.
Threats of marine ecosystems may not be considered serious problems, but it is clear that a great deal of risk is taking place. This is because it not only pollutes the water but also breaks the reproduction. In fact, if people are careless about this issue and do not raise awareness, the marine ecosystem will turn into an unsafe place where it can no longer live.
In an article in Global Research, the Pacific coast of the California coast is increasingly desertified, says marine life will starve to death. A statement from Ocean Health said, "The Pacific Ocean on the California coast is a clear, clear shine, with a sandy bottom below the surface of the water. [...] Transparent water is evidence that the oceans are deserted. "It is a transparent seawater trapped by the harsh sea lion cubs."
According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the number of animals that can not be mistaken on California beaches is increasing for three years. Indeed, in 2013, 1,171 sea lions have been displaced, but by 2015, the number has increased to 2,700, and this phenomenon was very rare, as the sea lion appears only in spring and early summer. Nate Mantua, a research scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Research Institute, said, "This phenomenon has never happened before and can not be explained as a fairly rare phenomenon. The problem is likely to continue. "
How to save lives of marine life
Humans play a major role in making the environment safe for animals. Responsibility to protect ecosystem threats and destruction from human beings must be ours. National Geographic introduces several ways that people can protect the sea.
First, we must recognize that humans consume energy wherever they go. It is better to reduce the driving of cars, use stairs and avoid using too many electronic devices.
Choosing seafood in a healthy and sustainable way is also helpful. Global fish stocks are declining rapidly due to excessive fisheries. In addition, people should reduce the use of plastics. This is because it kills millions of marine animals and is the culprit that destroys the habitat of life.
In addition, it is important that we know what is essential to defend our marine ecosystem. We can protect the oceans with these small movements.