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Dogs also have seizures. And it can happen at any time of the day. It is much more common when brain activity changes, such as when a dog is asleep, awake, or displaying anger.

Dog seizures, also called convulsions or fits, can be seen as a phenomenon caused by sudden but abnormal nerve activity. Both humans and puppies may have seizures due to a variety of causes, such as changes in consciousness or loss of consciousness. Seizures usually last for seconds or minutes, but can last for hours at worst. Treatment consists of taking medication, but seizures caused by brain diseases can lead to brain damage or even death, which is very serious.

Causes of Puppy Seizures

As described earlier, dog seizures can be caused by a number of reasons. For example, it may have a response to toxins or environmental allergens, and may be caused by bacterial or viral infections. Or malignant and benign tumors or structural disorders.

Especially, idiopathic seizures are the most common cause of puppies and have not yet been identified. In addition, liver disease, kidney failure, brain tumor, brain damage or toxin is the cause of various causes.

Stage 3 of seizures

Seizures are progressed in three stages as follows.

1. Pre-seizure phase: At this stage, the puppy appears to hide or nervous, or to change the behavior of the owner in haste, such as being anxious, nervous, groaning, shivering, or salivating. It can last from a few seconds to several hours, and it appears in the whole process of seizure progression. It looks as if a puppy is acting as if something will happen at once.

2. Seizure phase: It is a process that shows full-blown seizures after the pre-seizure phase. It usually lasts from a few seconds to five minutes, at which time a change in dog mental consciousness occurs. All of the muscles suddenly and unpredictably move and experience seizures.

Normally, the legs move to the floor as they fall to the side of the side, but when this is not the case, they also become paralyzed. And the head seems to have lost consciousness by bending it backwards. Also, depending on the dog, urination, defecation, and saliva may be shed. If the seizure lasts for no more than 5 minutes, it should be considered a medical condition requiring immediate emergency treatment.

If you experience an epileptic seizure, which is considered to be a very severe condition of seizures, severe seizures may be accompanied by loss of consciousness and irregular movement of the body and legs. It is very dangerous because it may cause urination, redness or death. If the condition does not stop after 5 minutes, it is a long-term seizure and should be viewed as an emergency that should be taken to the doctor immediately.

3. Post-seizure phase: At this time, symptoms such as confusion, disorientation, salivation, anxiety and temporary blindness are present. Regardless of the severity of the seizure or the duration of the seizure, the symptoms are usually confused and unstable.

Because seizures occur unexpectedly like this, they can not be used in advance. The seizure itself can be a trauma, but fortunately it does not cause pain to the dog. The biggest risk is that you can be hit and hit by other objects around you during seizures.


Overall, the symptoms of a dog's seizures can occur in the form of muscle spasms and jerking, loss of consciousness and salivation, chewing or bubbling in the mouth. He falls sideways, moves his legs with his feet, and occasionally sees urination and defecation.

Some puppies may look very dizzy or confused, but then they may experience blindness temporarily. Or you can walk and move repeatedly in a circle, or you can bleed excessively, bite your mouth, and bleed.

Treatment plan

It is best to contact your veterinarian immediately if your dog suddenly seizures with all of these symptoms. And blood tests and physical examinations should be done to find out the cause and diagnose. If the diagnosis is ambiguous as a result of blood and physical examination, CT, MRI, or CSF may be separately screened.

Fortunately, most dog seizures can be controlled by medication and diet. However, depending on the cause, it may be necessary to avoid allergens or toxins, strengthen the brain and liver, and use alternative therapies such as saliva. Sometimes surgery may be necessary, like a tumor. The most important thing is to follow the recommendations of the veterinarian and apply the appropriate treatment.

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