There will probably not be a master who would like to see a cute puppy sick. If a puppy like a family is suffering from a disease, the owner is also anxious and sick.
Regular inspections are essential for keeping puppies healthy. This time, let's take a look at the dog disease and adrenal disease that can be prevented by regular health checkups and find out what to prepare for the dog's health.
What is adrenal?
The adrenal gland is a small organs above the kidney, responsible for the body's response to stress, excessive sodium, potassium and chloride. No matter how careful the test is, it is not easy to notice the adrenal-related illnesses. Therefore, it is better to start a regular checkup as early as possible.
Common symptoms of adrenal-related diseases include exhaustion, diarrhea, loss of appetite, sneezing, itching, tearing, paw licking, increased water intake, increased urine, and weight gain. The most common adrenal related diseases in pets are Addison's disease, Cushing's syndrome, and adrenal tumors.
Addison's disease or adrenocortical insufficiency is a disease that occurs when adrenal hormone deficiency is present and is a life-threatening disease of a pet. This disease most commonly occurs in young dogs and middle-aged dogs. Major symptoms include loss of appetite, dehydration, and extreme bradykinesia. The main cause of Addison's disease is not yet known, but experts say it can be due to an autoimmune condition that attacks its tissue.
For the diagnosis of Addison's disease, the veterinarian carries on the animal's history, current symptoms, and initial examination. If Addison's disease is suspected, additional tests are performed to test adrenal function. For this method, blood cortisol levels are measured, corticosteroids are injected, and cortisol levels are measured again. Addison's disease does not respond to adrenocorticotropin.
For the treatment of Addison's disease, intravenous fluids are administered to restore normal body nutrients to normal and then treated with a hormone replacement drug.
Cushing's syndrome, or hypercortisolism, is an adrenal disease that occurs when the hormone cortisol is over-produced. This disease is common in older dogs. Symptoms include excessive water intake, excessive urination, abdominal distension, and skin disease.
A veterinarian performs a blood test to diagnose Cushing's syndrome. The most common cause of Cushing 's syndrome is a pituitary tumor. 85 to 90% of the disease is caused by pituitary tumors. When a tumor is found in the pituitary gland, a hormone is produced that causes excessive activity of the adrenal gland.
In order to treat Cushing's syndrome, dogs should be given medication prescribed by their doctor.
Tumors originating from the adrenal glands may be non-functional or functional. Nonfunctioning adrenal tumors show no signs and may not cause any health problems, but functional tumors are not.
For example, increased water intake, increased urination, weight gain or weight loss, umbilical hernia, hair loss, pigmentation, bruising, infertility, coma, neuropathy and muscle atrophy can occur.
Adrenal tumors are more likely to have a higher risk of developing tumors. Especially when it is a female or a large breed, the risk is high. Common breeds in this bottle are German Shepherd, Labrador Retriever, Dachshund and Poodle.
To treat functional adrenal tumors, surgery is required. X-ray and ultrasound are used to locate the tumor and perform the surgery.
Adrenal-related illnesses occur in both dogs and cats, but experts say that dogs are more likely to have adrenal-related illnesses. Cats can get cats with Addison's disease or Cushing's syndrome, but they are very rare and do not have obvious symptoms.
In fact, veterinarians do not properly diagnose the adrenal-related diseases of cats, so they may be mistaken for other diseases.
To prevent pets from adulthood-related illnesses, it is advisable to feed a balanced diet after the sale of the dog and not to over-vaccinate. This can have a negative impact on the immune system.